Jahiliyya Era Hall


Peninsula and its people, including important cities, industries and markets from that period. The displays also show the trade route before the advent of Islam, as well as the important cities at that time and their pilgrimage practices. Some of the major cities in the pre-Islamic era, which played active cultural and economic roles, in addition to Makkah:

A - Jerash:
Located in the Asir region, Jerash gained economic importance due to its location along major trade routes. Trade commodities included agricultural products such as fruits, grains, and vegetables, in addition to industrial products such as weapons, leather, and minerals.

B - Khayber:
Located in the Hejaz region and surrounded by volcanic rocks, Khayber was an important caravan-stopping point. Its people pioneered the cultivation of the oasis and accumulated considerable wealth by growing date palm trees, as well as through commerce and craftsmanship. Trade commodities included industrial products such as shields, swords and spears.

C - Najran:
Najran was a focal point of the incense route, because all caravans that left ancient Yemen to the north or west had to meet at Najran, where well-developed paths branched into two general directions; one leading north through the Hejaz towards Egypt and the Levant and those leading northwest, to the Persian Gulf.
D - Yathrib: Known from the begining of Islam as Madinah, the oasis city originally known as Yathrib and dated as far back as the sixth century BC. It was inhabited by two main Arab tribes, the Aus and the Khazraj, among others.

E - Hajar Al-Yamamah:
Hajar Al-Yamamah was built in Wadi Hanifa before the advent of Islam, and was originally governed by the Kingdom of Kindah. The area was then settled by the Hanifa tribes, who scattered through a valley that become home to a flourishing city and market place for Arabs. Archeologists suggest that the bulk of the city ruins are still under the modern city of Riyadh.

F- Dawmat al - Jandal:
Located in the north-west of the Arabian Peninsula, Dawmat al - Jandal was a flourishing city before Islam and an important stopping center for caravans heading to the Levant markets. Its most important archaeological sites include the Majed castle, the Dawmat al - Jandal Wall, and the Rajajil Pillars.
The hall also highlights the emergence of Arabic writing and displays samples of the oldest alphabets in history: the Ugarit and the Phoenician alphabet. It also shows how Nabataean and modern Arabic writing are developed from the Aramaic and the Phoenician alphabets. The hall includes replicas of Arabic poetry, markets in the pre-Islamic era. The Arabian peninsula› fame was not limited to trade but also was renowned as a political, cultural, and commercial forum that gathered poets and preachers from different tribes. The most famous market known in that period were the Okaz Market in Taif, AlMajaz in Makkah, Dawmat al - Jandal, Najran, Habasha, and Mushqaer in Hajer.

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Inside the National Museum, Riyadh, you can find a captivating display of Saudi Arabia's culture in past and present forms. There are different types of antiques, manuscripts, documents and display boards that showcase an erstwhile era. Inside the National Museum, Riyadh, you can find a captivating display of Saudi Arabia's culture in past and present forms. There are different types of antiques, manuscripts, documents and display boards that showcase an erstwhile era and display boards that showcase an erstwhile era. Inside the National Museum, Riyadh, you can find a captivating display of Saudi Arabia's
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Visiting Hours

Weekdays Schools Public Visits
Sunday 8:00-12:00 school boys 12:00 - 2:00
Monday 8:00-12:00 school girls 12:00 - 8:00
Tuesday 8:00-12:00 school boys 12:00 - 8:00
Wednesday 8:00-12:00 school girls 12:00 - 8:00
Thursday 8:00-12:00 school boys 12:00 - 8:00
Friday 4:00 PM - 8:00 PM
Saturday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM

Note:
  • Does not include school and official holidays
  • The visitors are allowed to complete their tour for an hour after the entrance gate is closed
  • Closing time at 8pm, except Sunday at 2pm
 
Registration School Visits
 
Ticket Price

Tickets Person 10 SAR Student / Child
FREE
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